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Standalone SCA Domain

Creating A Standalone Domain

Using a domain in a single JVM is very easy. You simply create an instance of


Using one of the provided newInstance() methods. Note the package name. You will see a different package name when we look at the multiple JVM case. For now this indicates that the SCA Domain is going to be completely embedded in the Java application that you write.

This is what the different newInstance() operations mean.

public static SCADomain newInstance() 

Starts a standalone domain with a default domain URI and will treat the classpath as the contribution to this domain. All .composite files on the classpath will be read and any deployable components will be made available in the domain.

Deployable components are defined by either

1 placing the .composite file in the META-INF/sca-deployables/directory
2 By specifying the composite as deployable in the META-INF/sca-contribution.xml file

public static SCADomain newInstance(String composite)

Starts a standalone domain with a default domain URI and will try and find the named composite file in the classpath and use it's location as the contribution location. It will deploy the named composite.

public static SCADomain newInstance(String domainURI, String contributionLocation, String... composites) 

Will start a standalone domain with the specified domain URI and will load the contribution at the contributionLocation. Any named composites will be deployed. As there are both contributionLocation and composite name parameters there are some rules about what happens when you specifier one the other, both or neither as follows.

contributionLocation - an absolute path to a contribution in URL form, e.g


composite(s) - the name of a composite file(s) e.g.


So the various combinations give rise to

contributionLocation set / composite null
loads all contributions under the contribution location identified

contributionLocation null / composite set
finds the location of your compsite on the classpath and uses that as the contribution location. It loads the named composite from there

contributionLocation set / composite set
loads the named composite from the specified contribution path

contributionLocation null / composite null
This option is also used if the above rules don't identify a contribution URL for whatever reason.

No contribution has been specified so look for the following in order and use the location of the first one found as the contribution location

META-INF/sca-deployables directory

For example, in our calculator sample we could do

scaDomain = SCADomain.newInstance("Calculator.composite");

Once created the SCA Domain will have loaded a contribution based on the rules set out above.

Locating Services In The Domain

You can now use services in the domain either directly from your Java application or remotely over the service instance that the SCA application exposes.

To use services directly you can use the following SCA Domain interfaces to create a service proxy

public abstract <B> B getService(Class<B> businessInterface, String serviceName);

Returns a type safe reference to the named service

public abstract <B> ServiceReference<B> getServiceReference(Class<B> businessInterface, String referenceName);

returns an SCA service reference to the named service. You can use the SCA service reference to manipulate various aspects of the referece.

public abstract <B, R extends CallableReference<B>> R cast(B target) throws IllegalArgumentException;

Casts a service (callable) reference to a typesafe reference .

For example, in our calculator sample we could do

calculatorService = scaDomain.getService(CalculatorService.class, "CalculatorServiceComponent");

Once you have a service proxy you can call methods on it like any other Java object.

Double result = calculatorService.add(3, 2)

Closing The Domain

When you a finished with the domain you need to close it down.

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