Example of processing SQLExceptions

In addition, a single error can generate more than one SQLException. Use a loop and the getNextException method to process all SQLExceptions in the chain. In many cases, the second exception in the chain is the pertinent one.

The following is an example:

catch (Throwable e) {
    System.out.println("exception thrown:");
static void errorPrint(Throwable e) {
    if (e instanceof SQLException) 
        System.out.println("A non-SQL error: " + e.toString());
static void SQLExceptionPrint(SQLException sqle) {
    while (sqle != null) {
        System.out.println("\n---SQLException Caught---\n");
        System.out.println("SQLState:   " + (sqle).getSQLState());
        System.out.println("Severity: " + (sqle).getErrorCode());
        System.out.println("Message:  " + (sqle).getMessage()); 
        sqle = sqle.getNextException();

See also "Derby Exception Messages and SQL States", in the Derby Reference Manual.