Rules for SQL92 identifiers

Ordinary identifiers are identifiers not surrounded by double quotation marks. Delimited identifiers are identifiers surrounded by double quotation marks.

An ordinary identifier must begin with a letter and contain only letters, underscore characters (_), and digits. The permitted letters and digits include all Unicode letters and digits, but Derby does not attempt to ensure that the characters in identifiers are valid in the database's locale.

A delimited identifier can contain any characters within the double quotation marks. The enclosing double quotation marks are not part of the identifier; they serve only to mark its beginning and end. Spaces at the end of a delimited identifier are insignificant (truncated). Derby translates two consecutive double quotation marks within a delimited identifier as one double quotation mark-that is, the "translated" double quotation mark becomes a character in the delimited identifier.

Periods within delimited identifiers are not separators but are part of the identifier (the name of the dictionary object being represented).

So, in the following example:
is a dictionary object, while

is a dictionary object qualified by another dictionary object (such as a column named "B" within the table "A").