Tiles Release Process

Here you will find the steps to create releases for Tiles.


To create a release you have to install:

  • Java 5.0. If you are using a newer version of Java, it is suggested to change JAVA_HOME environment variable when calling Maven, so it points to an instance of Java 5.0;
  • Maven 2;
  • GnuPG;
  • OpenSSH;
  • GraphViz: use version 2.8. See building Tiles for the reason of not using the latest version.

One-time operations

These operations need to be performed only one time.

Create and publish your GPG key

To create a GPG key, follow the guidelines. Include it in:


Publish your GPG key in a PGP key server, such as MIT Keyserver.

Create and upload yout SSH key

  • Generate your SSH key (in this case we will use DSA encryption):
    ssh-keygen -t rsa
  • Copy your public key to the server:
    scp ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub user@people.apache.org:.ssh/authorized_keys
  • Try to login:
    ssh user@people.apache.org

    If it does not ask you a password, everything is ok.

Modify settings.xml

Your settings.xml must be modified to allow deployment.

This is the minimal configuration, obviously if you already have a settings.xml file, you must edit it:

<settings xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"

Repeatable operations

These steps must be performed for each release.

Prepare the release tag

To prepare the release Subversion tag, check out the branch/trunk from where you are preparing the release and type:

mvn release:prepare -Dusername=YOUR_SVN_USER -Dpassword=YOUR_SVN_PASSWORD

The plugin interactively will ask you the version to release, the Subversion tag to use and the next snapshot version. It is reccomended to use the tag: tiles-X.X.X.

Perform the Release

To perform the release, i.e. creating and deploying Maven artifacts, use:

mvn release:perform

Close the staging repository

Login to Nexus repository your Apache LDAP credentials. Click on "Staging". Then click on "tiles" in the list of repositories. In the panel below you should see an open repository that is linked to your username and ip. Right click on this repository and select "Close". This will close the repository from future deployments and make it available for others to view. If you are staging multiple releases together, skip this step until you have staged everything. Enter the name and version of the artifact being released in the "Description" field and then click "Close". This will make it easier to identify it later.

Verify the staged artifacts

If you click on your repository, a tree view will appear below. You can then browse the contents to ensure the artifacts are as you expect them. Pay particular attention to the existence of *.asc (signature) files. If the you don't like the content of the repository, right click your repository and choose "Drop". You can then rollback your release and repeat the process.

Note the repository URL, you will need this in your vote email.

Digest and upload assemblies

  • Go into the release assembly target directory:
    cd target/checkout/assembly/target/assembly/out
  • Create MD5 and SHA1 files for each files (including ASC files). You can do it with this simple shell script:
    for fileitem in *
      openssl md5 < $fileitem > $fileitem.md5
      openssl sha1 < $fileitem > $fileitem.sha1
  • Upload everything to the build site:
    scp * user@people.apache.org:/www/people.apache.org/builds/tiles/${version}

Release the JIRA version

  • In JIRA go to the version that you want to release and release it.
  • Create a new version, if it has not been done before.
  • Create the release notes and write down the link that it uses.

Send announcement for the test build

In developers mailing list send an announcement for the test build:

Subject: [ANNOUNCE] Tiles ${version} test build available

The test build of Tiles ${version} is available.

No determination as to the quality ('alpha,' 'beta,' or 'GA') of Tiles
${version} has been made, and at this time it is simply a "test build". We
welcome any comments you may have, and will take all feedback into
account if a quality vote is called for this build.

Release notes:

* ${jira.release.notes}


 * http://people.apache.org/builds/tiles/${version}/

Maven 2 staging repository:

 * https://repository.apache.org/content/repositories/tiles-[YOUR REPOSITORY ID]/

A vote regarding the quality of this test build will be initiated
within the next couple of days.

Call for a vote

A few days after the test build announcement, call for a vote in developers mailing list.

Subject: [VOTE] ${version} Release Quality

The Tiles ${version} test build has been available since ${testBuildDate}.

Release notes:

* ${jira.release.notes}


 * http://people.apache.org/builds/tiles/${version}/

Maven 2 staging repository:

 * https://repository.apache.org/content/repositories/tiles-[YOUR REPOSITORY ID]/

If you have had a chance to review the test build, please respond with
a vote on its quality:

 [ ] Leave at test build
 [ ] Alpha
 [ ] Beta
 [ ] General Availability (GA)

Everyone who has tested the build is invited to vote. Votes by PMC
members are considered binding. A vote passes if there are at least
three binding +1s and more +1s than -1s.

Post-vote operations

After a vote is finished, and it has been decided that is at least of alpha quality, there is the need of a post-vote process.

Promote staged artifacts

Once the release is deemed fit for public consumption it can be transfered to a production repository where it will be available to all users.

Login to Nexus repository again. Click on "Staging" and then on the repository with id "tiles-staging". Find your closed staging repository, right click on it and choose "Promote". Select the "Releases" repository and click "Promote".

Next click on "Repositories", select the "Releases" repository and validate that your artifacts exist as you expect them.

Move assemblies

  • Move assemblies to the Apache distribution mirrors:
    ssh user@people.apache.org
    cd /www/people.apache.org/builds/tiles/${version}
    mkdir /www/www.apache.org/dist/tiles/v${version}/
    cp * /www/www.apache.org/dist/tiles/v${version}/

Update the site

  • Wait 24 hours to let the mirror sync to the release and then update the site. In particular you have to update the index and the download pages:

    Build and publish the site:

    mvn site
    mvn site:deploy

Send announcement

Finally, send an an announcement to the users and developers mailing list:

Subject: [ANNOUNCE] Tiles ${version} ${quality} released

The Apache Tiles team is pleased to announce the release of Tiles ${version}

Tiles ${version} is available in a binary and a source distribution.


It is also available in the central Maven repository under Group ID

The 2.0.x series of the Apache Tiles framework has a minimum
requirement of the following specification versions:

* Java Servlet 2.4 and JavaServer Pages (JSP) 2.0
* Java Standard Edition (Java SE) 1.5

The release notes are available online at:

* ${jira.release.notes}

Please feel free to test the distribution and post your comments to
the user list, or, if appropriate, file a ticket with JIRA.

You have finished!